Every autumn, there are two wonderful events in Dublin. The first, in September is called “Culture Night” which is pretty self-explanatory but covers all the arts. The second event is called “Open House”. It aims to interest and engage and to give people direct access to architecture, from old medieval and Georgian buildings, to the latest bits of high modernism.
In fact, I’d highly recommend anyone thinking of visiting Dublin to come around this time of year (from September-early October, or even early November) rather than our over-crowded and climatically-suspect “high summers” because, really, autumn is when the city is most culturally “buzzing”, with Culture Night, the Theatre Festival, the more affordable and excellent Fringe Festival, and Open House, the wonderful Visit (Studio) programme and more.
Anyway, each year the organizers of the Open House event publish a programme of different walks, talks, lectures, visits and events, both in hard copy form and online on their website. After careful perusal of same, this year just gone, myself and a friend decided that a walk around Pearse Street and its immediate area would be just the ticket.
Pearse Street is not the first area that jumps to mind when one considers the architectural glories of Dublin. The street itself -named after the 1916 patriot Patrick Pearse- is one of the main arteries into the city centre, and four lanes of busy traffic do not make for an especially restful urban experience. Nor are the flanking buildings, with a a few worthy exceptions, renowned for their beauty. But that is what made our walk so intriguing. It’s always good to been shown things you don’t know about, or to be inviited to consider things in a light you hadn’t considered before. The other draw was our guide, the excellent Lisa Cassidy, a qualified architect but someone who concentrates more these days on theory and history, including authoring a wonderful blog, one of my favourite blogs anywhere on the great world wide interweb, called “Built Dublin” which I highly, highly recommend to anyone interested in architecture and design.
Our walk started looking at a lot of the public housing projects in the area, especially from the 1930s through to the 1960s, and particularly those designed by city housing architect George Herbert Simms, like these below.
exteriors, above and below.
Inner communal space. Note balcony terraces, intended to maintain some sense of community. Many of these residents would formerly have been housed in “the tenements” – old Georgian houses, previously of magnificent proportions but then fallen on hard times, savagely sub-divided, over-crowded and often with poor sanitation.
Here below is another public housing project, also by Simms, from around the same period.
Note the block names and numbers, all in the old irish or “old gaelic typographic style, synonymous with the early Irish post independence period, the “Free State” period! There is a certain nostalgia to this for Irish people. Even in my childhood, half the State correspondence, stationary and street furniture (Post Boxes and the like) were still scripted in a similar style font.
In the case of this building, again to keep a sense of community and mixed use, Dublin city council and Simms also made the excellent decision to include shop spaces inset at ground level. Note the shop and business names. Curiously, these names, those of businesses, eschew the Gaelic style. Instead they appear in a no-nonsense, yet still deco-stylish text.
The main entrance make look a little grim, or institutional. It may even look a little totalitarian. But look below, these deco flourishes at roof level more than compensate. ..maybe. Either way, they are great.
Next Lisa marched us back down Pearse St, pausing briefly on the way to point out this nice little traditional hardware store.
She also pointed out this old Dublin pub, and how, even on a busy street, how attractive planting can soften and humanise an urban street-scape.
Personally, I also liked this column, with its nice mosaic of tiles.
Next we continued down to Pearse Street public library. We didn’t disturb the readers. The main feature Lisa wanted to draw our attention to here was this wonderful sculpture, inset into the floor of the lobby by artist Rachel Joynt.
I’d agree with Lisa, who was very enthusiastic about this piece. It can’t have been an easy brief because the area and the art piece are walked on and walked across all the time. Nonetheless, the artist has hinted at the idea of nuggets or cells of knowledge, like beehive cells. (irish monks, who were famously scholastic, used to build in, live in, study and pray in beehive cells”) The piece, subtly and elliptically, is full of such ideas. Look at the little pieces of text, tiny letters, frozen in the coloured glass.
Down on Pearse Street Bridge, we had a fresh look at the familiar Alto Vetro building, a slim but soaring apartment block from Dublins recent boom times.
Finally, another stop on our tour was a well loved and genuine art deco classic, the lovely Archers garage building.
well I say “genuine”. There is no disputing the quality of this building or the quality of its design. But infuriatingly, despite the fact the building was clearly the subject of protection and preservation orders, the owner decided he somehow had the right to knock it down. This he decided to do. In previous times, the bad old days, he would have got away with it too. (We in Ireland have a shocking track record protecting our wonderful architectural heritage, many superb buildings have been lost forever) Times thank God have changed, at last. In this case the owner was forced to build, entirely at his own expense, and working at the instructions of experts, an exact replica of the original.
It is not 100% perfect, but it is very close. It also sends out a clear message, long overdue, to other people who think they can just knocked down classic and historic buildings. This is progress. At last we in Ireland are looking after our buildings.
And events like “Open House” also make a huge difference; they draw people into architecture, its language and ideas and themes, and help to educate us all.